Information sheet for care of Persians
These are High Maintenance Cats
EYES: Healthy eyes of cats are moist and clear. If there is redness or swelling, or if your cat squints or you see a discharge of mucus, these may be indications of an eye infection. Monitor your cat's eyes closely and do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian if you suspect something is wrong. Your cat's eyes are too valuable to take any chances. Persians and exotics have eye discharge that may be clear or rustic in color. Daily maintenance is necessary.
Gently wipe the eye area using distilled water or saline on a cotton pad, ball or soft wash cloth.
Pay particular attention to the tear duct area.
CAKED AND DRIED MATERIAL
If the area is dried and caked, soak the area to soften the material.
EARS: A Persian cat’s ears require a great deal of hygiene as they are prone to serious infections. You should consult your vet about choosing proper cat wipes and use them to remove the excess of wax in your cat’s ears. This area of a Persian cat’s body is very sensitive, so you should be very delicate and careful. Using a alcohol pad or moisten pad with alcohol and clean the outer ear. Never put a cotton swab into the canal. Should you notice an unusual amount of discharge or odor, see your vet. Persians can have mites, yeasts and other internal ear infections.
TEETH: Persian cat care includes caring for your cat’s teeth. You will have to check them periodically, and brush with a special wipe to prevent teeth and gum diseases. You should provide your cat with many different cat’s toys that will help him get rid of irritation, or food wastes.
NAILS: Your Persian cat will need to have its claws clipped or trimmed on a regular basis. This is important to prevent your cat from scratching furniture or harming members of your family unintentionally. I recommend sissal rope scratching posts.
The front claws should be clipped every couple of weeks or so, and the back claws do not need to be clipped nearly as often. (To check the length, simple push on the top and bottom of their foot gently to expose their claws). Be sure not to clip into the quick of the nail. I absolutely do not believe in declawing. There are alternatives to declawing, including putting caps on the claws. You should really consider this issue when buying any cat, not just a Persian.
NOSE: A routine check of the nose to ensure that there is no discharge will be all that's needed here! Despite the fact that Persian cats have short, snub noses, there are few problems associated with it from a hygiene perspective. Be sure to keep it free from any crust as they use this sense for eating. At times you may hear your persian snort. For unusual discharge, odor or breathing problems consult a vet.
GROOMING: Using the greyhound (medium-course) comb, gently comb through the cat's fur right down to the roots.
This is an important tip for Persian cat grooming.
Always brush in the direction of the hair growth,
Never pull of tug at a knot .
Stop grooming if your cat becomes uncomfortable and irritated
Severe matting is must be removed, it can cause sores and discomfort. If daily brushing , combing doesn't do the work then use the round-ended or blunt tip scissors to cut the knot out. Be careful not to accidentally cut your cat's skin. You can avoid cutting your cat by gently placing the wire comb under the matting close to the skin forming a barrier between the skin and the scissors. This allows you to loosen the knot without causing harm to your cat.
Severe matting may require clipping and/or stripping of your cat's fur. This is best left to the professionals, such as a grooming salon specializing in cats or your veterinarian may offer cat grooming. The lion cut is the most popular. This style clipping, leaves hair on the head, tail and legs.
Stripping (removal of all hair) is sometimes done to cats that are allowed to roam free and those who live in warmer climates. It makes it easier to manage the Persian coat. You must remember if you are removing all of your cats body fur, you will need to watch for signs of hypothermia which is a low body temp. Like humans, they need to regulate their body temperature. As previously mentioned, we recommend that your precious Persian be kept indoors where possible.
Bathing Giving your Persian cat a regular bath is the core activity of the day to day grooming process. Regularity is the key bathing as the more your cat gets used to it the less resistant he is likely to be to the whole process. Place your cat gently but firmly in a bath of lukewarm water. Too hot or too cold and you’re likely to cause resistance in your cat or even injure it. The water needs to be well worked into the cat before you start to apply the shampoo. Initially this can be difficult as the cat does not have the patience to stay in the bath tub but with practice things should get easier. Choosing a shampoo may involve some experimentation on your part to see what your cat likes but generally any cat shampoo or even a shampoo with a no tears formula designed for children works fine. Work the shampoo in gently with your hands or a sponge but be careful not to vigorously scrub. Once this is done the only thing left to do is give the coat a good few rinses to get out any shampoo and gently pat your cat dry with a towel.
An ordinary hair dryer is sufficient to use when drying the hair of your Persian cat, although you should make sure that the setting is on low as otherwise you could cause unnecessary discomfort to your cat or even burning. Those willing ot spend the money will find that most pet stores sell dryers especially for cats which are generally lower in power. Once thoroughly dry you are ready to place your cat on the grooming area and begin cutting away excess hair. The face, ears and back side of the Persian tend to be the three places where the most excess hair appears and consequently where the bulk of your concentration needs to be focused. Be especially careful when doing the ears however as it is easy to accidentally cut into the ear leather of your cat if you aren’t careful. One way around this is to slightly wet the ears making the leather more easily distinguishable from the hair.
NUTRITION: My babies are weaned between 5-6 weeks of age. They learn to drink from a water bottle. I feed dry starting with Royal Canin Babycat then gradually increase to the larger kibble Royal Canin 36. I also feed raw. You can prepare this on your own or you can purchase this from a holistic pet store already prepared. Cooked human meat does not contain adequate nutrition for your pets. Should you not opt to feed raw, I like to use Blue Wilderness in a can, high protein, low carb, all natural.
This link is great. Just use the search section and type in what you need to know.
They have videos on just about everything.
How to bath a persian
How to clip a cats nails
How to groom a persian
How to clean a persians eyes
What clippers do I need to trim a cats nails